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Grades 5 and Up

Students in grades 5 and higher will use the full MLA citation format (8th ed.) to cite their sources. For source citations not listed below, please refer to Purdue OWL’s MLA Formatting and Style Guide or ask your librarian.

Elements of a book citation:

  • Author’s last name, first name.
  • Book title, italicized or underlined.
  • Publisher,
  • Publication date.

➤ Simon, Seymour. Sharks. HarperCollins, 2006.


Elements of an article from an online database citation:

  • Author’s last name, first name.
  • Title of article in quotation marks.
  • Title of the source, italicized or underlined,
  • Publication date,
  • Page numbers.
  • Name of database, italicized.
  • URL,
  • Date database accessed.

➤ Risch, Dan. "Hugging the Sharks: Some Scientists Get Up Close and Personal With Them." Highlights for Children, Dec. 2013, p. 28+. Kids InfoBits,


Elements of an article from the World Wide Web citation:

  • Author’s last name, first name (if available).
  • Article title in quotation marks.
  • Website name, italicized or underlined,
  • Publisher/copyright holder (if different from website name),
  • Publication date (if available)--for WP article see "This page was last updated" at bottom of page,
  • URL.
  • Date website visited.

➤ “Bull Shark.” National Geographic Kids, animals/bull-shark. Accessed 18 Apr. 2014.

➤ Cuevas, Mayra, and Mark Morgenstein. “Rare Goblin Shark Wasn’t the Only Thing That Surfaced.” CNN, 8 May 2014,

➤"Helen Keller." Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 2 Sept. 2017,


Elements of a video citation:

  • Author (if available).
  • Video title in quotation marks.
  • Video site title, italicized or underlined,
  • Publisher/Sponsor/Channel,
  • Publication/upload date,
  • URL.

➤ “Bull Sharks Upriver.” YouTube, uploaded by National Geographic, 18 May 2007,

National Geographic. “Antarctica: Exploring Oceans.” YouTube, 31 Mar. 2009,


Elements of an image citation:

  • Author's last name, first name.
  • Image title, italicized or underlined.
  • Date created,
  • URL or name of title format.

➤ Spillane, Andrew. Siberian / Amur Tiger - Zambar Blackpool Zoo. 10 Apr. 2015,

➤Mariamichelle. Strife in a Time of Peace. 2005. JPEG file.


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